攝影榮譽證

1) 解釋相機的構造原理、鏡頭的功能、光線對菲林的影響及顯影劑(developer)的作用。

2) 了解何謂菲林的「速度」,及清楚ASA / ISO (感光度)的意思。

3) 清楚快門速度、光圈大小及菲林速度(感光度)的關係。

4) 說出攝影的主要功用。

5) 以文件或投影片展示下列至少八項有關技術,並以相關圖片作比較︰

a) 構圖 (Framing)
b) 穩定相機 (Camera steadiness)
c) 不同方向的光線 (前方、後方或旁邊)
d) 搖攝 (Panning)
e) 黃金分割/三分構圖法 (Golden Ratio / Rule of thirds)
f) 角度 (視線高度、低角度、高角底)
g) 地平 (Level horizon)
h) 主體的距離 (即主體佔框架的程度)
i) 導引線(leading line)的運用
j) 光線的質量 (陰影、太陽光、不同時間的日照)
k) 正確曝光 (曝光不足、過度曝光、及正確曝光)
l) 閃光燈的運用 (遠距離及反光的主體)

6) 完成下列其中一項︰

a) 指出黑白相的菲林是如何沖洗為底片,及沖印是如何操作。
b) 親自拍攝並沖印8張相片,並解釋每一個步驟。

 

Level 2

English Version:

1. Explain the principles of camera construction, what the camera lens does, the effect of light upon the sensitive film, and the action of developers.

2. What is meant by the “speed” of the film? What does ASA/ISO mean?

3. How are shutter speed, lens aperture, and film speed related?

4. Give the principal uses of photography.

5. Take print or slide pictures illustrating at least eight of the following techniques. Use comparison pictures for illustration:
a. Framing
b. Camera steadiness
c. Direction of lighting - front, backlighting, side
d. Panning - background blurred with subject in focus
e. Rule of thirds
f. Angle - eye level, high and low angle
g. Level horizon
h. Distance from subject - fill the frame
i. Use of leading lines
j. Quality of light - shade, sunlight, and time of day
k. Correct exposure - underexposed, overexposed, and correctly exposed
l. Use of flash - distance and reflective objects

6. Do one of the following:
a. Tell how black and white film is developed into negatives and how prints are made.
b. Develop and print eight of your own pictures, explaining each step.

 

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