生態學榮譽證

1) 製作一個淡水池生態系統(ecosystem)的圖,並貼動物剪紙在圖上。

2) 從本地挑選一種哺乳類動物、一種鳥類、一種爬蟲動物及一種兩棲動物,然後替每一項製作一個生態金字塔(ecological pyramid)的圖表。

3) 清楚下列各名詞的意思︰

a) 生態學 (ecology)
b) 群落 (community)
c) 食物鏈 (food chain)
d) 偏利共棲現象 (commensalism)
e) 生態演替 (ecological succession)
f) 浮游生物 (plankton)
g) 保護 (conservation)
h) 頂極群落 (climax community)
i) 優養化 (eutrophication)
j) 生物群落 (biome)

4) 進行仔細的野外視察,及在細閱圖書,了解本地環境一些細小動物的生境(habitat)。寫一份報告,一半關於你的野外視察,一半關於你閱讀圖書的內容,共約七百字。

5) 定義何為「生態系統」,並指出這系統賴以哪些基本的生物性,及物理性因素來保持平衡。

6) 調查你所住社區的垃圾處理情況,了解平均每一個家庭每一天、每一週及每一年會製造多少垃圾,並指出它們可以怎樣被處理得更好。

7) 在一個月內,從報紙上查出最近的大城巿每日空氣污染程度,然後在方格紙上畫出這個數據的曲線圖,並找出甚麼因素會導致這個曲線圖的最高點。

8) 列出10種你可以實踐的方法,以改善你的居住環境,並實行其中四個。

9) 找出一篇預言之靈的引文,及一段聖經中相關生態學的經文,然後解釋它們的相干性及日常的應用。

 

Level 2

English Version:

1. Construct a diagram of a fresh?water pond ecosystem with pasted?on animal cutouts.

2. Pick one mammal, one bird, one reptile, and one amphibian from your home environment, and for each construct a diagram of its ecological pyramid.

3. Know the meaning of the following terms:
a. Ecology
b. Plankton
c. Community
d. Conservation
e. Food chain
f. Climax community
g. Commensalism
h. Eutrophication
i. Ecological succession
j. Biome

4. Make detailed field observations and library book study of the habitat of some small animal in your own environment. Write a report one?half from your field observations and one?half from your book study. Length about 700 words.

5. Define an ecosystem and state what the basic biological and physical factors are that keep it a balanced system.

6. Investigate the disposal of trash in your community. How much is disposed per family per day? per week? per year? How better can it be taken care of?

7. Check the daily paper of nearest large city for one month for the air pollution level. Plot a curve for this level on graph paper for the month. Find out what caused the peaks in your curve.

8. List ten ways in which you might actively work to improve the environment in which you live. Put four of these into practice.

9. Find a Spirit of Prophecy quotation and a Bible text pertinent to ecology and be able to explain their relevance and application to our day.

 

回首頁