氣象榮譽證

1) 解釋以下各項現象是如何形成︰

霧、雨、露、雪、雹、霜

2) 能分別下列各類的雲,並了解其形成原理,及與之相關的天氣︰

卷雲、積雲、層雲、雨雲

3) 解釋水銀或酒精溫度計、水銀氣壓計、無液氣壓計及雨量計的原理及功能

4) 透過展示本地的地理,解釋為甚麼在山區,一邊會下雨,而另一邊是乾燥的

5) 了解為何山地較低地冷及潮濕

6) 解釋本地的雨水及晴朗通常來自哪個方向

7) 以圖表協助展示地球與太陽的關係如何產生四季

8) 清楚閃電的產生原理,並共有多少種閃電

9) 透過圖片展示何為對流(convection),並說明它與風有何關係

10) 解釋雷達、衛星及電腦如何被應用於天氣預測的功能上

11) 說明急流(jet stream)及火山爆發對天氣的影響

12) 繪畫出天氣中水的循環

13) 製作簡單的雨量計或風向儀

14) 製作一星期氣象圖,每隔二十四小時記錄下列數據︰

氣溫、濕度、雲層、風向

 

●參考資料●

 

Level 1

English Version:

1. Explain how each of the following is formed: fog, rain, dew, snow, hail, frost.

2. Identify either in the sky or in pictures, the following types of clouds: cirrus, cumulus, stratus, nimbus. What kind of weather is associated with each?

3. Explain the action of a mercury or spirit thermometer, a mercury barometer, an aneroid barometer, and a rain gauge.

4. Why is it possible to be rainy on one side of a mountain range and dry on the other? Give an illustration for your country or region.
a. Why is it cooler and more moist in the mountains than in the lowlands?
b. From which direction do rain and clear weather usually come in your locality?

5. Show, with the help of a diagram, how the earth's relationship to the sun produces the seasons.

6. What causes lightning and thunder? What different kinds of lightning are there?

7. With the help of a diagram show what a convection is? What is its relation to wind?

8. Explain how radar, satellites and computers are used in weather forecasting.

9. Tell how the following can affect our weather:
a. Jet streams
b. Volcano eruptions

10. Make a drawing showing the water cycle in weather.

11. Make a simple wind vane or rain gauge.

12. Keep a weather chart for one week and record readings at twelve?hour intervals. Include the following:
a. temperature
b. moisture (dew, fog, rain, frost, or snow)
c. cloud formation
d. wind direction.

 

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