先鋒工程榮譽證

1) 以筆述、口述或繪圖展示早期拓荒者如果何解決下列生活難題︰

a) 房子及傢俱
b) 衣服
c) 食物
d) 煮食
e) 保暖及照明
f) 工具
g) 衛生
h) 交通

2) 紮出一件有用的傢俱,並學習下列工程繩結(Lashing)︰

a) 四方編結/方回結 (Square Lashing)
b) 十字編結 (Diagonal Lashing)
c) 展立結及圓周編結 (Sheer Lashing)
d) 排連編結 (Continuous Lashing)

3) 完成下列其中一項︰

a) 用天氣物料編織一個籃子
b) 製作一對皮鞋
c) 用手縫製一頂女仕帽子
d) 製作一個拓荒者會使用的簡單工具

4) 知道如何從至少一種野生植物中製成粉作烘焙之用。

5) 不使用火柴而使用天然物料來起一個火,並讓火勢持續五分鐘。你可以用下列各項來開始︰

a) 火石與鋼鐵
b) 磨擦力
c) 電火花
d) 彎曲鏡片
e) 金屬火柴 (Metal match)
f) 壓縮空氣

6) 展示下列使用斧頭的知識︰

a) 描述最佳的斧頭種類
b) 示範如何適當地磨斧
c) 知道並實踐使用斧頭的安全守則
d) 知道如何適當地使用斧頭
e) 適當地把一塊至少八吋厚的木料切為二
f) 適當地把直徑至少八吋,而長度至少一呎的木料切開

7) 完成下列其中兩項︰

a) 以天然材料或細麻線製作一條十呎長的繩。
b) 打出十個對拓荒者有用的繩結,並說出它們的用途及用法。
c) 使用繩子及天氣材料,製作一個用來移動重物的裝置器材。
d) 建造一個夠用及舒適的公共廁所。

8) 解釋相關於人類及固體廢物處理、身體清潔、衣服和食具清理的恰當衛生設備的需要。

9) 使用適當繩結,協助建造10呎長的木橋或繩橋。

10) 知道保持野外環境美麗的四個方法。

11) 完成下列其中兩項︰

a) 製作一支蠟蠋或其他形式的拓荒者照明工具
b) 製作一批肥皂
c) 擠牛奶
d) 攪製牛油
e) 製作一支羽毛筆並用它來書寫
f) 製作一個穀殼娃娃
g) 協助製作一張被子

12) 知道五種由野生植物製作的家用藥物,並解釋其用途。

13) 完成下列其中一項︰

a) 紮出一隻木筏,並以此在河道進行一次五海哩旅程。
b) 與一位富經驗的牧馬者,參與一次兩日共十五公里的騎馬旅程,並根據所學,帶備所需用品在馱馬上。
c) 與一位富經驗導師,參與一次兩日共十五海哩的獨木舟旅程,並適當地攜帶所需用品,並作一個短線運輸。
d) 與一位富經驗領袖,參與一次兩日共十五公里的遠足,並帶備所需用品。

 

Level 2

English Version:

1. Describe in writing, orally, or with pictures how the early pioneers met the following basic living needs.
a. Housing and furnishings
b. Warmth and light
c. Clothing
d. Tools and Handiwork
e. Food
f. Sanitation
g. Cooking
h. Transportation

2. Construct a piece of useful furniture by lashing. Learn the following lashings:
a. Square
b. Sheer
c. Diagonal
d. Continuous

3. Do one of the following:
a. Weave a basket using natural materials.
b. Make a pair of leather moccasins.
c. Make a lady's bonnet by hand sewing.
d. Make a simple toy used by the pioneers.

4. Know how to make flour from at least one wild plant for use in baking.

5. Build a fire without matches. Use natural fire building materials. Keep the fire going for five minutes. You may use the following to start it:
a. Flint and steel
b. Curved glass
c. Friction
d. Metal match
e. Electrical Spark
f. Compressed air

6. Show axmanship knowledge in the following:
a. Describe the best types of axes.
b. Show how to sharpen an ax properly.
c. Know and practice safety rules in the use of an ax.
d. Know the proper way to use an ax.
e. Properly cut in two a log at least eight-inches thick.
f. Properly split wood that is at least eight-inches in diameter and one-foot long.

7. Do two of the following:
a. Make a ten-foot rope from natural material or twine.
b. Tie ten knots useful to the pioneer and tell how they were used.
c. Using rope and natural materials, make one device for moving heavy objects.
d. Construct an adequate and comfortable latrine.

8. Explain the need for proper sanitation relating to solid and human waste and the washing of body, clothes, and dishes.

9. Assist in the construction of a ten-foot long log or rope bridge, using lashings.

10. Know four ways to keep the wilderness beautiful.

11. Do two of the following:
a. Make a wax candle or other form of pioneer light source
b. Make a batch of soap
c. Milk a cow
d. Churn butter
e. Make a quill pen and write with it
f. Make a corn husk doll
g. Assist in making a quilt

12. Know five home remedies from wild plants and explain their uses.

13. Do one of the following:
a. Assist in constructing a raft, using lashings. Take a five-mile trip on a river with this raft.
b. With an experienced wrangler, participate in a two-day, 15-mile horseback trip, carrying all needed supplies on a pack horse you have learned to pack.
c. With an experienced leader, participate in a two--day, 15-mile canoe trip, carrying all needed supplies properly. A short portage should be done.
d. With an experienced leader, participate in a two--day, 15-mile backpack trip, carrying all needed supplies.

(5 miles = 8 km; 15 miles = 24 km)

 

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